Henry Fayol was the first to recognize that management was a common activity in all human endeavors, whether in the home, the workplace, or the government. He divided all the activities of a commercial company into six categories. Since then, experts in the field, from Adam Smith and F. W.
Taylor to Dodge and Tippet, have made significant contributions to the current state of operations management in today's world. Adam Smith is widely credited with creating the concept of production management, as his concept of division of labor served as the foundation for many other concepts of operations management that followed. Charles Babbage further developed this concept and presented it to the world through his book “The Economy of Machinery and Manufacture”, where he outlined its advantages and explained how specialization works. His book also references the pin industry and includes seven operations: drawing, straightening, pointing, twisting, cutting heads, heading and tinning to maximize profits. The concept of specialization also gave rise to workers' trades in the early 20th century. Taylor was strongly opposed to the approach taken by management at the time, which allowed workers to choose their tasks and methods of performing them, as well as train themselves on the job.
Over time, these four principles have become major expansions and without them, organizations would be inconceivable. Taylor also made a significant contribution to operations management with his direct advantage work. He also developed functional organization principles and a financial incentive plan called the “Taylor Differential Piece Rate Method”.Thank you for your information regarding management of operations. I have a brief but precise explanation on this subject.
Modern Management Theory has been around since the dawn of civilization in one form or another. As social, economic and scientific institutions have grown, so has modern management. The modern view is that workers don't just work for money; they work for satisfaction and happiness with a good lifestyle. Non-financial incentives are now seen as an important factor. Modern management theories began to emerge after 1950s.
Frederick Winslow Taylor is known as the father of scientific management or “Taylorism”. He believed it was up to manufacturing plant managers to determine the best way for workers to perform their jobs and provide them with the right tools and training. He also advocated for incentives for performance. Henri Fayol was another important figure in modern management; he was one of the first proponents of Human Relations movements and emphasized flexibility and adaptation as well as interpersonal interaction between employees. Taylor is known as the father of scientific management; he was responsible for introducing the concept of functional management.
Each worker was trained to perform their task in exactly the same way, leading to an efficient operation that produced consistent quality and performance. Adam Smith is another important figure in operations management; he was one of the first people to address its problems. His essential functions or activities corresponded to a set of skills that were necessary for performing tasks associated with those functions or activities. Technological advancements during World War II opened up new possibilities for managers looking to improve their operations. Taylor developed a scientific approach to operations management by collecting data on production, analyzing it and using it to make improvements.
Although people have been producing and selling products since ancient times, operations management as we know it today is relatively new. Taylor suggested that production efficiency in a shop or factory could be greatly improved by closely monitoring individual workers and eliminating wasted time and movement in their operations. The current state of operations management has gone through many stages before reaching its current form. Although its history is not very long, its roots can be traced back to division of labor concepts. Taylor's Scientific Management deals with efficient organization of production within a competitive company that seeks to control its production costs while Fayol focuses on leadership, orderly organization, communication and harmony between departments.