Managers in all types of organizations must perform the same four basic functions: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling.
Operations managementis a critical component of business success, but it is often carried out in the background without much attention. The purpose of this article is to analyze the main functions of operations management at an international level. The four functions of management can be seen as a process in which each function builds on the previous one.
During the planning phase, management makes strategic decisions to set a direction for the organization. This may involve seeking approval from other departments, executives, or boards of directors before continuing with the plan. Organizing involves assigning tasks and functions to employees based on their motivation and ability. Managers may also need to adjust processes to make them as efficient as possible, which helps keep operating costs low and satisfies customers.
Leadership involves inspiring and motivating employees to achieve organizational goals. It also involves setting an example for employees to follow. Finally, controlling involves monitoring progress and making adjustments as needed. This helps ensure that the organization is on track to achieve its goals.
In addition to these four functions, operations managers may also need to take additional steps such as managing inventory across the supply chain or helping design and develop products and services. In smaller companies, operations managers may also be responsible for supply chain functions such as managing supply and delivery processes and systems. Effective operations management is essential for business success, but it requires integration with background operations such as inventory and logistics management in order to really stand out. By understanding the four main functions of operations management, managers can ensure that their organizations are running smoothly and efficiently.